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Debugging Query Time in Gatsby: Identifying and Optimizing Long-Running Queries



Gatsby is a powerful React-based framework, enabling developers to build fast and optimized web applications. One of Gatsby's core features is its ability to combine data from multiple sources and transform it into a unified GraphQL API for querying. However, as your application grows, you may encounter long-running queries that slow down your build times and negatively impact performance.

In this article, we'll discuss how to identify and optimize long-running queries in Gatsby using the reportLongRunningQueryJob function. By the end of this guide, you'll be able to debug query time issues and improve the overall performance of your Gatsby application.

Identifying Long-Running Queries

Gatsby internally uses a function called reportLongRunningQueryJob to log queries that take a long time to execute. You can modify this function directly in your node_modules folder to log the longest-running queries and identify them. Here's how:

  1. Locate the reportLongRunningQueryJob function in your Gatsby project's node_modules folder. The exact file path may vary depending on your Gatsby version, but it should be something like node_modules/gatsby/dist/utils/reporter/report.js.

  2. Open the file in your favorite code editor and look for the following function:

   function reportLongRunningQueryJob(queryJob): void {
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  1. Modify the function to log the query job details. For example, you can add a console.log statement to print out the query, duration, and other relevant information:
   function reportLongRunningQueryJob(queryJob): void {
     console.log("Long-running query:", {
       query: queryJob.query,
       duration: queryJob.duration,
       componentPath: queryJob.componentPath,
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  1. Save the file and run your Gatsby application. You should now see console logs for any long-running queries, allowing you to identify them and analyze their performance.

Creating a Document to Track Long-Running Queries

In addition to logging query details in the console, you may want to create a document that lists your longest-running queries for easier tracking and optimization. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Create a new file in your Gatsby project's root folder named (or any other name you prefer).

  2. Modify the reportLongRunningQueryJob function in your node_modules folder again, this time to append the query details to the document you created:

   const fs = require("fs");
   const path = require("path");

   function reportLongRunningQueryJob(queryJob): void {
     const logEntry = `
Long-running query:
  Query: ${queryJob.query}
  Duration: ${queryJob.duration}ms
  Component path: ${queryJob.componentPath}
     fs.appendFileSync(path.resolve(""), logEntry);
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  1. Save the file and run your Gatsby application. Now, any long-running queries will be logged to the document, allowing you to track and optimize them more easily.

Optimizing Long-Running Queries

Once you've identified your long-running queries, you can take various steps to optimize them and improve your application's performance. Some optimization techniques include:

  • Limiting the amount of data fetched in a single query
  • Reducing the complexity of your GraphQL queries
  • Using Gatsby's built-in image optimizations (e.g., gatsby-image or gatsby-plugin-image)
  • Implementing pagination or lazy-loading for large lists of data
  • Utilizing caching mechanisms for static or infrequently updated data


Debugging query time in Gatsby is essential for maintaining optimal performance in your web applications. By modifying the reportLongRunningQueryJob function and creating a document to track your longest-running queries, you can identify and optimize slow queries to improve your application's build times and overall performance. Keep an eye on your queries and make necessary adjustments as your project evolves to ensure that Gatsby remains a fast and efficient tool for your web development needs.